Why Are There So Many Birth Defects In India

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Are birth defects common in India?

According to joint WHO and MOD meeting report, birth defects account for 7% of all neonatal mortality and 3.3 million under five deaths. The prevalence of birth defects in India is 6-7% which translates to around 1.7 million birth defects annually.

Why are there so many genetic issues in India?

India is home to culturally and genetically diverse populations, which are burdened by genetic diseases. Due to the high prevalence of recessive alleles owing to endogamous practices, rare diseases form a significant burden in India.

Which country has the most birth defects?

According to the report, Sudan has the most birth defects, with 82 per 1,000 live births, compared with 39.7 in France, which had the lowest number among the 193 countries surveyed.

Why does India have high birth defects?

Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies.

How many babies are born with birth defects in India?

Nearly 3.5 million babies in India are born too early, 1.7 million babies are born with birth defects, and one million new-borns are discharged each year from Special New-born Care Units (SNCUs). These new-borns remain at high risk of death, stunting, and developmental delay.

What country has the highest birth defects?

According to the report, Sudan has the most birth defects, with 82 per 1,000 live births, compared with 39.7 in France, which had the lowest number among the 193 countries surveyed.

Why does India have the most birth defects?

Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies.

What is the number 1 birth defect?

10 most common birth defects The most common defects include heart defects, cleft lip and palate and Down syndrome. Here is a list of the top 10 most common birth defects, according to CDC statistics.

Are birth defects more common in Third World countries?

Arnold Christianson: The birth prevalence of birth defects in middle- and low-income countries is on average 20% higher than in industrialised nations. Maternal malnutrition is certainly one reason for this, particularly maternal iodine deficiency. Maternal folic acid deficiency may also be a factor.

What ethnic group has the highest rate of birth defects?

The risk of infant death from birth defects varied among racial/ethnic groups, but for all ethnic groups, the risk was higher than for white infants. American Indians had the highest rates of lethal birth defects, followed by Asians, Hispanics, and blacks.

How common are birth defects in India?

The prevalence of birth defects in India is 6-7% which translates to around 1.7 million birth defects annually.

What percentage of babies are born with defects?

Birth defects are common. Between 2% and 3% of infants have one or more defects at birth. That number increases to 5% by age one (not all defects are discovered directly after your child’s birth). One out of every 33 babies born in the United States are affected by birth defects.

Why does India have a high rate of birth defects?

Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies.

How many babies are born with defects each year?

Birth defects affect 1 in every 33 babies born in the United States each year. That translates into about 120,000 babies. Each year, total hospital costs for U.S. children and adults with birth defects exceed $2.6 billion, not including outpatient care or many provider charges.

What ethnic group has the lowest rate of birth defects?

Cubans and Asians, especially Chinese and Asian Indians, had significantly lower occurrence of many of the studied birth defects, compared to non-Hispanic whites.

What is the number one birth defect in the world?

The most common severe birth defects are heart defects, neural tube defects and Down syndrome. Although birth defects may be the result of one or more genetic, infectious, nutritional or environmental factors, it is often difficult to identify the exact causes.

What is the leading cause of birth defects in us?

Experts don’t know the exact cause of most birth defects, but some reasons are: Genetic or hereditary factors. Infection during pregnancy. Drug exposure during pregnancy.

What are the main birth defects?

There are two main categories of birth defects….These can include:. Cleft lip or cleft palate.Heart defects, such as missing or misshaped valves.Abnormal limbs, such as a clubfoot.Neural tube defects, such as spina bifida, and problems related to the growth and development of the brain and spinal cord.

What are the most fatal birth defects?

The study collected data on single gene disorders, chromosomal disorders, and physical malformations and found the five most serious birth defects of genetic origin in 2001 were congenital heart defects; neural tube defects, haemoglobin disorders, Down’s syndrome (trisomy 21), and glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase …

Where are birth defects most common?

Birth defects of the face and mouth — specifically, cleft palate and cleft lip — were most common. Every year, more than 6,700 babies are born with one or both of those treatable conditions. Down syndrome, a genetic condition, came in second.

What is the most common birth defect worldwide?

The most common birth defects are:. heart defects.cleft lip/palate.Down syndrome.spina bifida.

What percentage of the worlds birth defects occur in developing countries?

The report is especially helpful as a springboard for further investigation because 85% of the world’s birth defects occur in developing countries, but only four such countries have birth defect programs that can track occurrences, says Li Zhu, director of China’s National Reference Laboratory on Reproductive and Child …

What race is most likely to have birth defects?

Compared with Caucasians, the risk of overall birth defects was lower in African-Americans (relative risk = 0.9, confidence interval 0.8-0.9) and Hispanics (relative risk = 0.9, confidence interval 0.8-0.9). The risk of overall birth defects was similar in Caucasians and Asians.

What race is most affected by Down syndrome?

Results: The odds ratio and population attributable risk of Down syndrome due to maternal age of 35 years or older were highest for Mexican Americans, intermediate for African Americans, and lowest for non-Hispanic Whites.

Why are birth defects common in India?

Indian people are living in the midst of risk factors for birth defects, e.g., universality of marriage, high fertility, large number of unplanned pregnancies, poor coverage of antenatal care, poor maternal nutritional status, high consanguineous marriages rate, and high carrier rate for hemoglobinopathies.

What is the percentage of having a baby with birth defects?

Birth defects also can happen later in pregnancy, when your baby’s organs are still growing and developing. About 1 in 33 babies (about 3 percent) is born with a birth defect in the United States each year. Some birth defects don’t need treatment or can be treated easily.

What country has the highest rate of birth defects?

According to the report, Sudan has the most birth defects, with 82 per 1,000 live births, compared with 39.7 in France, which had the lowest number among the 193 countries surveyed.

What are the odds of a child having a birth defect?

Birth defects are common, costly, and critical conditions that affect 1 in every 33 babies born in the United States each year.

What are the 5 most common birth defects?

Here is a list of the top 10 most common birth defects, according to CDC statistics.. Congenital heart defects (CHD) Occurrence rate: 1 in every 110 births. … Hypospadias. … Ventricular septal defect. … Clubfoot. … Down syndrome. … Pulmonary valve atresia and stenosis. … Cleft lip with cleft palate. … Cleft palate.

What percentage of people are born with defects?

Every year an estimated 8 million children–6 percent of total births worldwide–are born with a serious birth defect of genetic or partially genetic origin.

What percentage of babies are born healthy?

Birth Defects (78%) Reality Check: About 97 of every 100 babies born in the U.S. arrive without a major birth defect, such as spina bifida or Down syndrome. That’s the optimist’s way of viewing the 3 percent risk of delivering a baby who does have one.

What country has the highest birth defect rate?

According to the report, Sudan has the most birth defects, with 82 per 1,000 live births, compared with 39.7 in France, which had the lowest number among the 193 countries surveyed.

How often are babies born with a defect?

About 1 in 33 babies (about 3 percent) is born with a birth defect in the United States each year. Some birth defects don’t need treatment or can be treated easily. But other birth defects need quick treatment because they cause serious problems or even death.

How many children in the US are born with birth defects?

Birth defects are common—they affect one in 33 babies born in the U.S. every year. That’s about 120,000 babies diagnosed with a birth defect before their first birthday.

What ethnic group has the highest rate of birth defects which is the lowest?

The risk of infant death from birth defects varied among racial/ethnic groups, but for all ethnic groups, the risk was higher than for white infants. American Indians had the highest rates of lethal birth defects, followed by Asians, Hispanics, and blacks.

Which race has the least birth defects?

Compared with Caucasians, the risk of birth defect was lower in African–Americans (RR = 0.9, CI 0.8–0.9) and Hispanics (RR = 0.9, CI 0.8–0.9). The risk of birth defects was similar in Caucasians and Asians (Table 1).

What ethnicity has the lowest birth weight?

Retrieved May 2, 2022, from www.marchofdimes.org/peristats. During 2018-2020 (average), the low birthweight rate in the United States was highest for black infants (13.8%), followed by Asian/Pacific Islanders (8.6%), American Indian/Alaska Natives (8.0%) and whites (7.0%).

What are the chances of having a baby with birth defects?

In the United States. Birth defects affect one in every 33 babies (about 3% of all babies) born in the United States each year. [ Read article]Birth defects are the leading cause of infant deaths, accounting for 20% of all infant deaths. [ Read article [PDF – 994 KB]]

What percent of people have birth defects?

Every year, about 7.9 million infants (6% of worldwide births) are born with serious birth defects. With the causes of over 50% of birth defects unknown, how do we diagnose and prevent them? Every year, an estimated 7.9 million infants (6% of worldwide births) are born with serious birth defects.

What are the most common causes of birth defects?

Researchers think that most birth defects are caused by a complex mix of factors, which can include:. Genetics. … Chromosomal problems. … Exposures to medicines, chemicals, or other toxic substances. … Infections during pregnancy. … Lack of certain nutrients.

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